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ICANN 2016 财年 990 表发布公告

互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 针对其财务成果持续提供透明度和问责制服务,现在 ICANN.org 网站的 ICANN 财务信息页面上发布美国税务申报表(即“990 表”)。990 表是美国《国内税收法典 (Internal Revenue Code)》第 501(c) 节中规定的享受所得税减免的组织税务表。

根据美国税务局 (Internal Revenue Service, IRS) 对财务报表、融资来源、薪酬实践和其他方面所提出的要求,这份 990 表中纳入了相关信息和披露资讯。该表是一份有益的信息来源,我们现诚邀 ICANN 社群审阅该文件,并踊跃提出意见或问题(请联系:controller@icann.org)。

ICANN 已于 2017 年 5 月 12 日向美国国税局 (IRS) 提交了截止日期为 2016 年 6 月 30 日这一财年的 990 表 [PDF, 5.54 MB] 。此举符合已延期至 2017 年 5 月 15 日的交表时间。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."