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ICANN 2015 财年 990 表公告

互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (ICANN) 针对其财务成果持续提供透明度和问责制服务,现在 网站的 ICANN 财务信息页面上公开发布 990 表。

ICANN 已于 2016 年 5 月 11 日向美国国税局 (IRS) 提交了截止至 2015 年 6 月 30 日的 990 表。此举符合已延期至 2016 年 5 月 15 日的交表时间。990 表是美国《国内税收法典》第 501(c) 节中规定的享受所得税减免的组织税务表。

此外,为了履行对透明度的承诺,ICANN 还同时提交了针对截至 2014 年 6 月 30 日的财年和截至 2013 年 6 月 30 日的财年的重申声明。重申声明,尽管不在要求范围内,却能够体现每份 990 表和《2014 财年财务审计报告》之间的连贯性。后者体现了对自 2013 年 7 月 1 日生效的收益认可法的一项调整。

另外,在充分考量了宝贵的社群反馈意见后,涉及"报酬最高的五大独立承包商"(第 VII 部分第 B 节)的内容得到了改善,还提供了 IRS 要求范围之外的信息。

ICANN 2015 财年 990 表 [PDF, 5.51 MB]、2014 财年 990 表 [PDF, 5.60 MB] 和 2013 财年 990 表 [PDF, 5.06 MB]的重申声明现已公开发布供社群阅览。现诚邀社群对 ICANN 990 表进行审阅。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."