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对新gTLD项目后续活动的考量——初始工作计划现已发布

Why this matters

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ICANN已于今日发布了一份《工作计划》草案,描述一系列正在进行的社群审核与活动,并计划支持对新gTLD项目下一轮通用顶级域名(gTLD)申请程序进行考量。

下载《工作计划》草案 [PDF, 397 KB]

新gTLD项目正推动着域名系统经历着前所未有地扩张。该项目旨在在顶级域名系统(DNS)中扩大发展机遇、促进多样化并支持创新活动。

ICANN全球域名分部总裁阿克兰•阿特拉先生(Akram Atallah)指出:"我们对当前gTLD申请轮次的初步结果感到非常满意。首个通用顶级域名已于2013年10月正式获得授权进入互联网。""过去几个月间,越来越多的人开始关注下一轮申请的时间。尽管我们目前正集中资源确保当前轮次中的gTLD能够安全进入互联网,但我们也到了可以开始讨论后续申请轮次的时候了。"

根据目前的估计,后续申请轮次最早有望在2016年启动。

《gTLD 申请人指导手册》 中指出,ICANN的目标是尽快启动后续gTLD申请轮次,并指出具体启动时间将取决于第一轮申请完成后所获得的经验和所需的调整。

截至9月22日,已有515名申请人与ICANN签署了《注册局协议》;本项目现已授权了395个新gTLD;312个顶级域名现已向ICANN提交了顶级域名启动信息供其发布。目前我们已经完成对所有申请的初始评估;鉴于在少量申请中,申请人要求对申请内容进行调整,因而这部分申请正处在再评估流程中。后续的异议流程和争用集解决方案流程也正按照预定计划稳步推进。本项目数据每周均会得到更新,如需参考请点击 此处。 随着运营程序的稳步推进,ICANN正在分配资源筹备后续申请轮次。

鉴于ICANN指出要及时启动新一轮的申请,本《工作计划》中描述的活动则旨在确保能够从第一轮申请中吸取了经验教训后,再启动下一轮申请。本《工作计划》旨在使得ICANN能够支持并促进多利益相关方们对本项目的未来展开审核与讨论。

在ICANN即将召开的洛杉矶公共会议上,我们将设一节会议专门介绍并讨论本计划。

About ICANN

ICANN的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。如果缺乏这样的协调,我们全球统一的互联网也将不复存在。ICANN成立于1998年。它是一家非营利性的公益型企业,其参与人员来自全球各地,均致力于确保互联网的安全性、稳定性和互用性。该组织旨在促进互联网唯一标识符之间的竞争,并为其制定政策。ICANN不负责互联网的内容管理。无法阻止垃圾邮件,也并不负责处理互联网的接入事务。但该组织通过对互联网域名系统的协调,对互联网的发展和演进有着重要的影响。如需了解更多信息,请参见: www.icann.org


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."