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根域标签生成规则生成专家组组建最新咨询

随着ICANN第50届大会即将临近,ICANN非常高兴地向大家分享有关组建制定语言文字提案的生成专家组的工作进展。这些以语言文字为基础的专家组—由互联网社群志愿者构成—将就根域中对码点、变体和额外标签水平限制的界定规则提出建议。标签生成规则(LGR)生成专家组的最新资讯将是ICANN伦敦会议(将于2014年6月22日至26日举行)上讨论的热点话题。

截止目前的工作进展包括:

  • 阿拉伯文生成专家组现已完全组建并启动运营。该专家组已于2014年6月在土耳其伊斯坦布尔市举行了第二次见面会。届时讨论了有关阿拉伯文码点变体的问题。

  • 社群成员现已提交一份正式提案,申请组建中文生成专家组。该提案目前正处在审核之中。

  • 相关外展工作还在积极促成组建韩文和日文社群的生成专家组。

  • 中文-日文-韩文(CJK)专家组旗下的社群成员们也就汉文字启动了一系列协调工作。

  • 社群成员还在积极组建新婆罗米文生成专家组,并招聘组员。有意人士请查看参与征询一文[PDF, 72 KB]。

  • 此外,人们还有意组建其他生成专家组。

如需了解更多信息,我们诚邀您亲自参加或通过远程方式参加ICANN第50届会议上有关国际化域名(IDN)的会议:

  • IDN变体TLD项目会议
    2014年6月25日星期三—08:30-10:00 英国夏令时
    http://london50.icann.org/en/schedule/wed-idn-variant-tld
    本节会议将重点讨论有关IDN变体TLD项目的最新进展,特别是有关根域LGR项目,包括有关MSR-1和项目外展工作,以及文字社群汇报有关LGR的最新工作。

  • IDN根域LGR生成专家组工作坊
    2014年6月25日星期三—13:00-15:00 英国夏令时
    http://london50.icann.org/en/schedule/wed-lgr
    本工作坊旨在促成社群成员之间的互动与交流,搜集有关设立生成专家组的反馈意见和经验,并让整合专家组的成员参与进来。多位语言文字社群的代表将发表演讲,并回答大家提出的问题。

为您的语言说句话!

ICANN还将继续在以下语言文字社群中寻求志愿专家组组员:阿拉伯文、孟加拉文、中文、西里尔文、梵文、格鲁吉亚文、希腊文、吉吉拉特文、果鲁穆奇文、希伯来文、日文、韩文、拉丁文、僧伽罗文、泰米尔文、泰卢固文、泰国文和其他语言文字。理想的候选人要求兴趣广泛,在各项技术和语言专业上持有专有技术,并承诺愿意促进多语言互联网的发展。有意加入的志愿者们请向ICANN发送电子邮件: idntlds@icann.org

有关组建或参与LGR专家组的更多信息,请阅读: 生成专家组组建快速指南 [PDF, 335 KB]。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."