Skip to main content

ICANN 就 2013 RAA 数据保留规范数据要素及收集和保留的合法用途征求公众意见

ICANN 已与很多注册服务商就根据《2013 年注册服务商委任协议》(简称 "2013 RAA")提交的数据保留豁免申请(简称"豁免申请")进行了讨论。部分服务商希望豁免 2013 RAA《数据保留规范》(简称"规范")中的某些收集和/或保留要求。《数据保留规范》第 2 节作出要求,规定注册服务商必须提交书面材料,以支持其收集和/或保留《规范》中规定的数据要素将违反适用法律的结论,并规定 ICANN 收到《豁免申请》通知后,ICANN 和相应注册服务商应真诚讨论,努力就此事达成双方都能接受的解决方案。有关 2013 RAA 和数据保留豁免程序的最新消息,请访问:http://blog.icann.org/2014/02/update-on-2013-raa-and-data-retention-waiver-process/

ICANN 了解,应根据适用数据保护法律处理个人数据,这些法律通常允许收集和保留个人数据作合法用途。ICANN 也了解,对于 (i) 哪些视为合法用途,(ii) 相对于合法收集用途而言,个人数据是否充分、相关且适度,以及 (iii) 某些数据要素应保留多长时间,各国法律不尽相同。换言之,某一国所认为的收集某些数据的合法用途,在另一国可能并不视为合法用途。

在 ICANN 努力达成双方都能接受的解决方案的讨论中,部分注册服务商要求 ICANN (a) 明确阐述并更清晰地界定《数据保留规范》中所述的注册服务商应保留但定义不明确的某些数据元素;及 (b) 描述收集和保留各数据要素的可能合法用途,这样有助于指导注册服务商,使其了解:此类要素是否可合法收集,以及如果合法,此类要素可合法保留多长时间。

为回应部分注册服务商的这些请求,ICANN 发布了文件征求公众意见,该文件旨在明确阐述《数据保留规范》中所述的某些数据要素的含义,并说明收集和保留这些数据要素的可能合法用途。如需查看文件,请点击此处 [PDF, 116 KB]。该文件将公布三十 (30) 天,就 (i) 数据要素是否正确描述,(ii) 援引的收集和保留用途是否恰当且合法,及 (iii) 收集和保留此类数据要素是否有其他可能的合法用途征求机构群体的反馈和意见。公布三十 (30) 天后,ICANN 将考量收到的所有反馈和意见并结合 ICANN 当前的讨论达成双方都能接受的《豁免申请》解决方案。在此期间,ICANN 将继续与各注册服务商进行讨论,达成双方都能接受的《豁免申请》解决方案,以期视情况同意其他《豁免申请》。

公众意见征询期截止到太平洋夏季时间/加州时间 2014 年 4 月 21 日晚 23:59。这些公众意见将供 ICANN 工作人员和 ICANN 理事会考量。


More Announcements
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."