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保护新 gTLD 中的商标权:商标信息交换机构服务提供商选定

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ICANN 非常荣幸地宣布与德勤IBM 就商标信息交换机构服务工作的实施开展合作。

商标信息交换机构将作为信息存储库,提供对商标数据的验证和确认服务。商标持有者和 gTLD 注册管理执行机构将依靠商标信息交换机构,为针对新 gTLD 空间的权利保护机制提供支持。商标信息交换机构在全球范围内适用,能对来自全球多个区域的商标数据进行确认。

根据机构群体的指示,商标信息交换机构的验证和数据管理功能是分开的。根据最终协议的预期执行,德勤企业风险管理部(Deloitte Bedrijfsrevisoren BV ovve CVBA 的一个部门)将作为验证/确认服务提供商,而 IBM(比利时国际商用机器公司)将提供技术方面的数据库管理服务。双方将转包 IPClearingHouse BVBA (aka CHIP),以便利于这些服务的提供。

两家公司都是非常优秀的供应商,在管理和支持流程方面拥有丰富的经验、优良的技术和广泛认可的能力。

关于德勤:"Deloitte(德勤)"是一家公司的品牌,其旗下公司为全球各地的客户提供一系列广泛的审计、顾问、财务咨询、风险控制和税务服务。在此方面,德勤的确认团队已经获得机会,为若干 ccTLD 和 gTLD(包括但不限于 .ASIA、.TEL、.ME、.CO、.SO)管理多个成功的预注册确认流程。

关于 IBM:IBM 是行业先锋,拥有广泛而深厚的经验。IBM 了解如何扮演战略合作伙伴的角色 – 战略合作伙伴应该提供行业思维领导力并积极为客户的商业和 IT 战略献计献策。IBM 拥有最大的全球性基础架构之一,可以据此形成规模经济并传递给客户。IBM 卓越的 IT 专业人才和影响知识资本的能力在业内形成了一支备受尊重的 IT 技术团队。

这两家服务提供商根据 2011 年 10 月 3 日发布的信息请求,按照考量流程选出。对候选服务提供商的要求包括:对全球知识产权和互联网的相关问题有相应的理解、在全球范围内验证和确认商标信息的能力,以及设计、构建和运营全年无休全天候运行的安全交易处理系统的经验。ICANN 已招募除了能满足技术要求还能以多语言管理和支持流程的应征者。

ICANN 目前正在与德勤和 IBM 合作,以构建和准备商标信息交换机构服务的运营,为新 gTLD 提供支持。两家公司都将参与改进技术和运营规范的公众讨论。

关于商标信息交换机构的信息(包括当前实施模式)和预估费用,可参阅 http://newgtlds.icann.org/en/about/trademark-clearinghouse。本页信息属于新文件,将定期进行更新,以跟踪商标信息交换机构运营发布的进展。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."