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Public Comment: Proposed Registrar Disqualification Procedure

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Updated on 9 April 2009 to extend the public comment period closing date.

The Statement of Registrar Accreditation Policy (http://www.icann.org/en/registrars/policy_statement.html) establishes the standards applied by ICANN in granting gTLD registrar accreditation. In addition to setting minimum qualifications, the policy describes "matters potentially leading to ineligibility" for accreditation, including disqualification of a "registrar or registry administrator, or any officer, director, manager, employee, or owner (including beneficial owners) from being an ICANN-accredited registrar or registry administrator" in accordance with procedures established by ICANN.

ICANN has developed a draft, proposed Registrar Disqualification Procedure (available at: http://www.icann.org/en/registrars/draft-disqualification-procedure-27feb09-en.pdf [PDF, 124K]) to codify its procedures for registrar disqualification. This proposed procedure is intended to enhance protection of registrants by preventing potential bad actors from causing repeated harm to registrants and other stakeholders in the domain name space.

The draft Registrar Disqualification Procedure is being posting for public comment for 90 days to ensure broad community input. Feedback received will be incorporated prior to implementation of the procedure.

Comments regarding this proposed Registrar Disqualification Procedure may be submitted by email to: draft-registrar-dp@icann.org through 28 May 2009.

Comments may be viewed at: http://forum.icann.org/lists/draft-registrar-dp.

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."