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ICANN Announces DENIC eG as New ICANN-Designated Agent to Support Registrar Data Escrow Services

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洛杉矶——2018 年 5 月 15 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 于今天宣布与 DENIC eG 公司签署协议,任命该公司作为一名指定代理人,代表 ICANN 支持注册服务机构数据托管 (Registrar Data Escrow, RDE) 服务。DENIC eG 是一家总部位于德国法兰克福市 (Frankfurt, Germany) 的非盈利合作企业,是".DE"国家顶级域的运营商。

ICANN 应注册服务机构社群提出的扩大 RDE 项目的要求,于 2017 年 8 月启动竞争性提案征询 (Request for Proposal, RFP),最终选取 DENIC 公司作为代理人,从而应对部分区域性挑战,例如欧盟 (European Union, EU) 出台的《通用数据保护条例 (General Data Protection Regulation, GDPR)》。

背景

注册服务机构数据托管项目旨在当注册服务机构发生故障或《注册服务机构认证协议 (Registrar Accreditation Agreement, RAA)》终止时保护注册人。确保域名支持获得成功转移符合 ICANN 组织的运营宗旨,即为健康、稳定和富有弹性的唯一标识符生态系统提供支持,符合组织使命和章程(第 1.1 节)中描述的"ICANN 负责协调域名系统 (Domain Name System, DNS) 根区域名的分配和转让,协调与通用顶级域 (gTLD) 中二级域注册相关的政策制定和实施工作。"

2013 年《注册服务机构认证协议》中要求注册服务机构在 ICANN 或 ICANN 批准的 RDE 代理人处储存一份 gTLD 注册数据,并承担相应费用。自 2007 年来,铁山公司 (Iron Mountain) 一直作为 ICANN 唯一指定 RDE 代理人,代表 ICANN 组织接收和处理注册服务机构托管留存数据。DENIC eG 现已作为第二家 ICANN 指定 RDE 代理人,供注册服务机构所用。注册服务机构还可使用 ICANN 和注册服务机构同时批准的第三方提供商;如需更多有关注册服务机构数据托管项目和第三方提供商的信息,请参见:https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/registrar-data-escrow-2015-12-01-en


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."