Skip to main content

ICANN 公布 2020 财年财务业绩

本页面还提供其他语种:

洛杉矶—2020 年 10 月 15 日—今日,互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 公布了截至 2020 年 6 月 30 日的财政年度第四季度的财务业绩,反映了 ICANN 整个财政年度未经审计的财务状况。虽然 COVID-19 疫情对经济产生了巨大影响,但 ICANN 仍然保持着稳健的财务状况。

尽管遭遇疫情打击,但域名市场在 2020 财政年度(2020 财年)下半年仍然具备较强韧性。因此,ICANN 的资金比预算增加了 60 万美元 (0.4%)。但是,ICANN 不确定域名市场的这种趋势是否会持续下去。

ICANN 的支出比预算低 1,110 万美元 (8%),导致净盈余为 1,460 万美元。导致这一结果的几个因素包括:

  • ICANN 第 67 届会议和 ICANN 第 68 届会议以虚拟公共会议形式召开,并且参加其他会议的差旅也受到限制,因而节省差旅和会议类支出 620 万美元。
  • 人事费用减少,其主要原因是疫情期间招聘速度放缓。

ICANN 虽然有能力支付计划外开支,但支出金额仍低于预算。这些开支包括自 2019 财年起延迟的信息透明度倡议 (Information Transparency Initiative, ITI) 费用;与 .ORG 控制权变更请求相关的费用;以及在新加坡安装 ICANN 管理的根服务器 (ICANN Managed Root Server, IMRS) 群集。

ICANN 管理的资金与上一年相比增加了 1,580 万美元,其主要原因是虽然市场出现波动,但净盈余和投资收益仍有所增加。投资账户的收益来源于 ICANN 从新通用顶级域 (Generic Top-Level Domain, gTLD) 计划的最终拍卖、新 gTLD 计划的申请费、储备资金和运营资金所得。补充 ICANN 的储备资金,以力求在 2025 财年之前完成至少 12 个月的运营费用储备是一项头等要务。截至 2020 年 8 月底,储备资金余额已实现最低目标水平

已发布的 2020 财年报告

现在,以下报告可供查看:

  • 2020 财年第四季度未审计的财务报告这些报告每季度发布一次,以总结 ICANN 年各季度的最新财务状况。2020 财年第四季度报告反映了 ICANN 整个财政年度未审计的财务状况。在独立审计师完成审查后,ICANN 将随即发布审计后的 2020 财年财务报表。
  • 国家和地区代码顶级域 (ccTLD) 捐助ccTLD 注册管理机构提供给 ICANN 的自愿捐助按 ICANN 财政年度列示,并反映在发出捐助意愿的财政年度,而与捐助日期无关。
  • 资金来源此报告包括按客户和客户类别划分的资金来源。
  • 董事会开支报告此报告包括向 ICANN 董事会支付(或代表 ICANN 支付)的报酬和报销费用。

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址-—可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调并支持这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利性公益机构,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


More Announcements
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."