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开放日期: 2020 年 10 月 12 日 截止日期: 2020 年 11 月 30 日
发起组织: 通用名称支持组织 (GNSO)
  • 政策制定
  • 顶级域


当前状态:根据 GNSO 政策制定流程 (PDP) 规定,ICANN 组织发布《初步问题报告》以征求公众意见,从而允许社群就更多信息提供意见与建议,或对目前提供的任何信息进行更正或更新。ICANN 组织特别针对本《初步问题报告》第 3.2.2 节中提出的政策问题草案,以及附录 A 中初步章程草案中提供的内容征询公众意见。

后续步骤:在审核所收到的公众意见后,ICANN 组织将更新《初步问题报告》,然后将收到的意见摘要与《最终问题报告》一起提交给 GNSO 理事会进行审议并确定可能采取的措施。


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."