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纳尔拉·萨拉斯 (Naela Sarras) 现被任命为 ICANN 北美地区利益相关方合作副总裁


纳尔拉·萨拉斯 (Naela Sarras)

洛杉矶——2020 年 9 月 17 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 现宣布纳尔拉·萨拉斯 (Naela Sarras) 被任命为北美地区利益相关方合作副总裁。她现居洛杉矶,向全球利益相关方合作高级副总裁莎莉·科斯特顿 (Sally Costerton) 汇报工作。

“ICANN 的北美地区囊括了许多参与互联网标准组织工作的 ICANN 认证注册管理机构和注册服务机构、成熟的公民社会组织、和技术社群成员们,”科斯特顿表示,“这些利益相关方们将能从纳尔拉的丰富经验中获益匪浅。”

萨拉斯于 2005 年入职 ICANN 组织,目前担任互联网号码分配机构 (IANA) 运营主管,监督 ICANN 负责协调的多项最为重要的技术职能。在 ICANN 的技术社群中,她担任一名重要联络人,广受人们的尊重。萨拉斯曾在多个项目中发挥着举足轻重的作用,例如:国际化域名 (Internationalized Domain Name, IDN) 项目,为遍布全球的下一代互联网用户构建一个多语言的互联网。萨拉斯能够流利使用英文和阿拉伯文,持有计算机信息系统和工商管理的学位。

她将在今年 11 月转而接手这一新职务,帮助在北美地区培养 ICANN 多利益相关方的基础,促进多样化发展。ICANN 组织正在招聘一名运营主管,来填补她在 IANA 的职务。


ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调并支持这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."