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ICANN 延长《意向书》征询截止时间:ICANN 独立审核流程常任专家组


洛杉矶——2020 年 7 月 23 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 现征召人们提交的《意向书 (Expressions of Interest, EOI)》,以加入 ICANN 独立审核流程 (Independent Review Process, IRP) 综合常任专家组。本轮《意向书》提交的截止时间现已被延长至世界协调时 2020 年 8 月 31 日 23:59 时。

IRP 综合常任专家组的候选人应当在提交前阅读《意向书》征询一文。这份文件包括以下信息:

  • 专家组职务描述
  • 必需或优先考虑的各项技能
  • 必需或优先考虑的经验
  • 时间承诺
  • 报酬和选取


ICANN 独立审核流程的背景

ICANN 的独立审核流程 (IRP) 是一种仲裁形式,旨在当受影响相关方声称 ICANN 的行为不符合《企业设立章程 (Articles of Incorporation)》或《章程 (Bylaws)》时,提供一轮独立第三方审核。IRP 是要求 ICANN 董事会和组织尽职尽责的一套重要问责机制。听取各类投诉的常任专家组的成员构成是实现统一连贯、具有约束力的成果的重要环节。

ICANN 在其《章程》中承诺,ICANN 社群有责任参与确定该常任专家组核心成员的最终构成。ICANN 组织一直以来都不断地征询支持组织 (Supporting Organizations, SO) 和咨询委员会 (Advisory Committees, AC) 的意见,了解社群可以如何参与到这一流程中来。如需查看截至目前所收到的社群反馈意见的摘要,以及后续步骤,请参见此处


ICANN 组织鼓励 ICANN 社群在您的网络内广泛传播这份《意向书》征询文件,帮助我们吸引拥有优秀技能和多样背景的候选人们。本轮《意向书》提交的截止时间现已被延长至 2020 年 8 月 31 日 23:59 时,请提交至


ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."