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ICANN 和 PTI 现发布截至 2019 年 6 月 30 日这一财年的美国报税单

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洛杉矶——2020 年 5 月 13 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 及其附属机构公共技术标识符 (Public Technical Identifiers, PTI) 现按照美国国税局 (Internal Revenue Services, IRS)、加州特许经营税委员会 (California Franchise Tax Board, FTB) 和加州检察长办公室的要求,发布了非营利机构截至 2019 年 6 月 30 日这一财年的多份报税单。

ICANN 和 PTI 均已按照美国《国内税收法典 (Internal Revenue Code)》第 501(c) 节的要求,提交了非营利机构免于缴纳所得税的美国报税单 990 表。

ICANN 和 PTI 还向相应的政府办事处(包括:加州特许经营税委员会和加州检察长办公室)呈交了非营利机构需要及时提交的加州 CA-199 报税单和 CA RRF-1 报税单:

此外,ICANN 针对某些泊车设施提交了 2018 年的 990-T 表和 2017 年的修订版 990-T 表。

公开发布 ICANN 和 PTI 的财务和税务信息属于 ICANN 对问责制和透明度所做出的基本承诺中的一环。现诚邀社群审阅这些报税单,并将任何疑问发送至:planning@icann.org

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."