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ICANN 收到加州检察长针对".ORG"控制权变更一题发出的信函

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洛杉矶——2020 年 1 月 30 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 于今天宣布加利福尼亚州检察长办公室 (Office of the Attorney General of the State of California, CA-AGO) 现向 ICANN 致函,请求获取有关公共利益注册管理机构 (Public Interest Registry, PIR) 的控制权从国际互联网协会 (Internet Society, ISOC) 移交给 Ethos Capital 公司一题的信息,从而"分析这项交易对非营利机构社群和 ICANN 所造成的影响。"

ICANN 于上周收到了这封信函,目前正全面配合检察长提出的信息请求。ICANN 必须服从 CA-AGO 的监管。后者负责监管加州内部的慈善组织。ICANN 是一家加州非营利公益企业。ICANN 和 PIR 针对 PIR 的".ORG"注册管理机构和其他注册管理机构(涉及 PIR 的《注册管理机构协议》)运营签订了协议。

今天下午,ICANN 在与 CA-AGO 进行了初步讨论后,公开发布了这封检察长的信函。鉴于 CA-AGO 现已请求 ICANN 提供 PIR 指定的保密信息,因此 ICANN 正依照 PIR 的《注册管理机构》的条款,向 PIR 发出了一份正式通知

此外,CA-AGO 还请求获得更多时间,但该时间段超出了当前 ICANN 针对 PIR 拟定控制权变更的审核截止时间(目前定为 2020 年 2 月 17 日)。因此,ICANN 已向 PIR 请求获得额外时间(最晚可至 2020 年 4 月 20 日),以完成 CA-AGO 和 ICANN 的审核工作。

在整个问讯过程中,ICANN 将持续执行全面尽职调查,以考量 PIR 的拟定控制权变更和将 PIR 从非营利机构转为营利机构等事宜。PIR 目前为一家位于宾夕法尼亚州的非营利企业。作为拟定销售的一部分,PIR 现以向宾夕法尼亚州检察长提议,将把企业质转化为一家营利实体。

ICANN 将在处理 PIR 的请求过程承诺尽量保持透明,因此我们现公开发布这两份信函。

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."