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针对 ccTLD 创建和 ccTLD 转移一题对《互联网号码分配机构 (IANA) 服务水平协议 (SLA)》进行的拟定调整和增补


评议开放日期: 2019 年 10 月 14 日 截止日期: 2019 年 11 月 25 日
发起组织: 互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (ICANN)
类别/标签: IANA 域名职能合同、ICANN/公共技术标识符 (PTI) 合同、PTI、互联网号码分配机构 (IANA) 服务水平协议 (SLA)、国家和地区顶级域 (ccTLD) 创建、ccTLD 转移、SLA 修订流程

目的:根据 IANA 域名职能 IANA 域名服务水平协议 (SLA) 的修订流程所提出的要求,本轮公共评议期旨在针对一项 SLA 进行的拟定调整和三项拟定新 SLA 征询社群的意见。此次调整和增补将确定 ccTLD 创建和 ccTLD 转移的申请处理时间表的期望值。一旦得到采纳,调整后的 SLA 及其新要求将被添加至《IANA 域名职能合同》的《服务水平协议》中规定的绩效衡量标准之中。ccTLD 的授权和转移流程是指针对一系列技术和公共利益进行审慎考量后,将一个 ccTLD 分配或重新分配给一名经理人。针对 ccTLD 的授权和转移申请,目前员工的处理时间只有一个单一衡量标准。该标准代表着一个申请提出后,IANA 团队对该申请进行处理的累计时间。然而,这类申请的处理时间长短不一,有时只需几周,有时却长达几个月。客户常任委员会 (CSC) 和公共技术标识符 (PTI) 决定可能有必要增添新的 SLA,使用全新的方式来衡量这类交易。

当前状态:根据 IANA 域名 SLA 修订流程,客户常任委员会和 PTI 已就新的衡量标准达成了共识,现诚邀社群通过本轮公共评议期参与协商讨论。

后续步骤:本轮公共评议期中所获得的反馈意见将被纳入到 SLA 的最终建议之中。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."