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注册目录服务 (RDS-WHOIS2) 审核小组最终报告


评议开放日期: 2019 年 10 月 8 日 截止日期: 2019 年 11 月 25 日
发起组织: ICANN 组织——多利益相关方战略和战略计划 (MSSI)
类别/标签: 审核/进步

在这份《最终报告》中,注册目录服务审核小组评估了此前目录服务审核建议的执行情况,以及执行工作是否获得了预期效果。审核小组还评估了当前通用顶级域 (generic top-level domain, gTLD) 注册目录服务的有效性,以及这项服务的推行是否能够满足执法工作的合理需求、促进消费者信任和保护注册人数据。这份报告囊括了 22 条建议,涉及内容包括:搜集更多优质数据的请求、社群需要解决的政策问题、对《ICANN 章程》的一项修正,以及 ICANN 合同合规部在透明度和数据搜集方面可以考量的建议改革措施。这些建议均获得了审核小组成员的一致通过。

根据《ICANN 章程》,审核小组的最终报告必须在提交给董事会前启动一轮公共评议期。本《最终报告》的公共评议期已于 2019 年 10 月 8 日启动,预计将在 2019 年 11 月 25 日关闭。如需查看这份《最终报告》,并提出您的宝贵意见,请点击此处


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."