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国家和地区名称支持组织 (ccNSO) 的审核最终报告现已呈交


洛杉矶——2019 年 9 月 3 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 于今天宣布国家和地区名称支持组织 (Country Code Names Supporting Organization, ccNSO) 的独立审核人 Meridian Institute 机构现已完成其审核工作,并呈交了最终报告


这份最终报告反映了 Meridian 机构在对文件的审核、对会议的观察、开展各类面谈、以及对整个社群发布调查后最终得出的结果。Meridian 机构还与 ccNSO 审核工作组 (Review Working Party, RWP) 以及广大 ICANN 社群通过网络研讨会公共评议期ICANN64 届会议ICANN65 届会议中的公开会议保持着紧密合作。这份报告囊括了重要的结果,涉及:ccNSO 如何达到其目标、如何管理其架构和运营、以及如何提高问责制。

根据审核结果,Meridian Institute 机构的结论为:

  • ccNSO 仍旧拥有重要的存续必要性;
  • 该组织目前无需经历重大的结构或运营调整;和
  • ccNSO 对其选区,包括其成员都是负责的。

本报告还囊括了 14 条持续改进建议。ccNSO 也已经对某些建议进行了实施。


ICANN 章程中规定必须对国家和地区名称支持组织 (ccNSO) 执行独立审核。本次审核旨在确定:(i) ccNSO 在 ICANN 架构中是否有继续存续的必要;(ii) ccNSO 在履行职责时效率如何,其组织架构或运营是否需要得到改善以提高 ccNSO 的效率;和 (iii) ccNSO 作为一个整体对其下属组织、委员会、选区和利益相关方团体的负责情况如何。Meridian Institute 机构于 2018 年 8 月入选执行这项审核并启动工作。如需了解更多有关 ccNSO 审核的信息,请点击此处


ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."