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ICANN65 届会议《英才计划会后报告》和 ICANN66 届会议英才学员的《意向声明》现已发布

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洛杉矶——2019 年 8 月 8 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 宣布发布 ICANN65 届会议《英才计划会后报告》 [PDF, 356 KB]。这份会后报告由英才学员们撰写,介绍了有关会前活动、会议重点和持续参与计划的详细信息。

《英才计划会后报告》属于英才计划新方案的一部分。该方案旨在增强这一计划的透明度,为社群提供有关 ICANN 英才学员活动的更多数据和信息。这类报告将在每次 ICANN 公共会议召开后发布。

英才计划新方案还要求各位英才学员在每届 ICANN 公共会议之前和期间发布其《意向声明 (Statement of Interest, SOI)》。ICANN66 届会议英才学员的 SOI 现已发布,请参见此处。这些资料将持续发布直到这届会议结束。

敬请阅读此前的报告并查看本网页深入了解英才计划的信息。

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."