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供 ICANN 董事会审核的通用名称支持组织 (GNSO) 针对国际政府间组织 (IGO)/国际非政府间组织 (INGO) 使用有效权利保护机制的政策制定流程的政策建议现已发布


评议开放日期: 2019 年 7 月 11 日 截止日期: 2019 年 8 月 20 日
发起组织: 政策制定支持部
类别/标签: 政策制定

目的:在董事会采取行动前,现针对通用名称支持组织 (GNSO) 国际政府间组织 (IGO)/国际非政府间组织 (INGO) 使用有效权利保护机制的政策制定流程 (PDP) 的政策建议终稿开放公共评议期,征询社群意见。

当前状态:GNSO 理事会在 2019 年 4 月 18 日召开的会议期间通过了 PDP 建议 1-4。GNSO 理事会并未通过 PDP 建议 5,因此该条目也未被纳入到本轮公共评议期之中。

后续步骤:在本轮公共评议期结束后,ICANN 董事会预计将对已经通过的四条建议进行讨论并采取行动。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."