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科特·普利茨 (Kurt Pritz) 荣获 2019 年 ICANN“多利益相关方精神奖”


摩洛哥马拉喀什–2019 年 6 月 24 日–互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 很荣幸地宣布科特·普利茨 (Kurt Pritz) 为 2019 年 ICANN"多利益相关方精神奖"得主。

由 ICANN 支持组织和咨询委员会的代表构成的遴选委员会表彰了普利茨对 ICANN 多利益相关方模型的奉献精神,以及他在面对不同团体持有多种观点和工作重点时,仍旧能够努力促成共识的能力。

"多利益相关方精神奖"旨在表彰在 ICANN 生态系统的政策制定工作期间致力于达成共识性解决方案并做出卓著贡献的 ICANN 社群成员。

普利茨近期担任了一个工作组的主席,旨在解决 ICANN 社群中最为重要的问题之一,即:WHOIS 的替代框架。普利茨除了参与新通用顶级域 (gTLD) 注册数据临时规范快速政策制定流程 (EPDP) 的工作以外,还参与了其他的 ICANN 工作组和政策制定流程,例如:新 gTLD 后续流程政策制定流程。

普利茨现任 UK Creative Ideas 公司(即".art"域名注册管理机构)的战略规划委员会成员。他还曾在 2003 年至 2012 年间供职于 ICANN,担任了多个高层职务。


ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址–可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."