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مسودة التقرير النهائي حول المراجعة الثانية لمنظمة دعم الأسماء العامة لرموز البلدان (ccNSO2)

هذه الصفحة متوفرة باللغات:

تاريخ الابتداء: 17 حزيران (يونيو) 2019 تاريخ الانتهاء: 4 آب (أغسطس) 2019
المنظمة المنفذة: استراتيجية أصحاب المصلحة المتعددين والمبادرات الاستراتيجية (MSSI)
الفئات/الإشارات: المراجعات / التحسينات
لمحة موجزة: نشرت مؤسسة معهد ميريديان الجهة المستقلة التي تجري المراجعة الثانية لمنظمة دعم الأسماء العامة لرموز البلدان (ccNSO2) مسودة تقريرها النهائي لأجل التعليقات العامة. وستقدم مؤسسة معهد ميريديان مسودة التقرير النهائي الى المجتمع خلال إجتماع ICANN65 بتاريخ 26 حزيران (يونيو) 2019 في مراكش، المغرب وكذلك خلال الندوة عبر الويب التي ستعقد بتاريخ 10 تموز (يوليو) 2019 في تمام الساعة 19:00 حسب التوقيت العالمي المنسق UTC.

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."