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ICANN 发布《ICANN 新生代计划 (NextGen@ICANN) 五年期调查》结果


洛杉矶–2019 年 6 月 13 日–互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 于今日发布《ICANN 新生代计划 (NextGen@ICANN) 五年期调查》结果。几乎所有回复人都指出,参加"新生代计划"提高了他们的学术和专业发展。

本轮调查属于本计划启动五周年纪念活动的一项工作,针对此前的参与人展开调查,以确定该计划对其学术和专业生活所带来的影响,以及他们与 ICANN 的交流情况,并针对如何提高参与率、改善计划内容征询大家的反馈意见。

请点击此处下载完整的《ICANN 新生代计划 (NextGen@ICANN) 五年期调查报告》[PDF, 570 KB]。

新生代计划 (NextGen)旨在通过为高等院校学生提供参与 ICANN 公共会议的机会,扩大 ICANN 的参与率。本计划面向位于 ICANN 公共会议召开地点所在区域内的、年龄在 18 到 30 岁的本科生和研究生开放。


ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址–可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."