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ICANN 要求通用顶级域 (gTLD) 注册管理机构和注册服务机构在 2019 年 5 月 20 日前实施新版《临时注册数据政策》

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洛杉矶——2019 年 5 月 17 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 于今天宣布实施《通用顶级域 (gTLD) 临时注册数据政策》,此举意味着通用顶级域 (gTLD) 的注册管理机构和注册服务机构(即:签约方)必须在 2019 年 5 月 20 日前实施该政策。

通用名称支持组织 (Generic Names Supporting Organization, GNSO) 编制了通用顶级域 (gTLD) 注册数据快速政策制定流程 (Expedited Policy Development Process, EPDP) 临时规范最终报告,董事会已于 2019 年 5 月 15 日通过了这份报告中的建议,鉴于此,ICANN 组织决定实施这套临时政策。这套临时政策将继续执行将于 2019 年 5 月 20 日到期的《通用顶级域 (gTLD) 注册数据临时规范》中对签约方提出的要求,并将作为一份临时共识性政策,直至 ICANN 组织实施由 EPDP 团队建议的《通用顶级域 (gTLD) 注册数据政策》。

ICANN 董事会现已接受了 EPDP 团队提交的《最终报告》中列出的 29 条建议中的 27 条。针对尚未完全通过的两条建议,董事会认为这两条建议中的某些部分需要进一步同 GNSO 进行协商。

后续工作

  • 第 1 阶段:临时政策从 2019 年 5 月 20 日起开始生效,签约方必须继续执行董事会于 2018 年 5 月 17 日通过的《通用顶级域 (gTLD) 注册数据临时规范》中规定的措施。
  • 第 2 阶段:ICANN 组织正式发布一套共识性的《注册数据政策》且正式通知签约方时,这一阶段则将启动。在这一阶段中,签约方在《注册数据政策》正式生效之前进行筹备时,可以继续执行临时政策、《注册数据政策》,或同时执行两套政策的内容。这一目标的实现时间还有待确定。
  • 第 3 阶段:签约方必须在《注册数据政策》生效之日(根据 EPDP 团队的建议该时间预计为 2020 年 2 月 29 日)前确保合规。

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ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."