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敬请参与网络研讨会:改进 ICANN 的多利益相关方模型


洛杉矶——2019 年 5 月 7 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 现诚邀社群参与有关改进 ICANN 的多利益相关方治理模型的持续讨论。敬请参与两场研讨会中的任意一场,时间为:世界协调时 2019 年 5 月 14 日 16:00 时或 5 月 15 日 23:00 时。

社群在 ICANN64 日本神户会议期间聚在一起,积极参与了一场促进讨论会,谈及了如何改善 ICANN 多利益相关方治理模型的效率和效益。根据这些评论,以及我们在 ICANN63 届会议上收到的其他意见,我们已于 2019 年 4 月 25 日发布了一份文件,启动公共评议期来征询更多反馈意见。本轮网络研讨会旨在继续这方面的讨论。协调人布莱恩·瞿特 (Brian Cute) 将主持网络研讨会,并请求参会人员能够就探讨以下话题做好准备:

  • 请提供具体范例,描述已经识别的一个或多个问题。请仅使用以事实为依据的范例。
  • 请描述这个问题的性质,特别是该问题如何影响了多利益相关方模型无法更有效地运作。
  • 请描述如果针对这个问题能够采取一套解决方案或新的措施时,多利益相关方模型将怎样提高效率。
  • 请描述多利益相关方模型在遵循开放性和包容性的原则时,如何能够更高效地运作。



世界协调时 2019 年 5 月 14 日 16:00-17:00 时

世界协调时 2019 年 5 月 16 日 23:00 至 2019 年 5 月 16 日 00:00 时



ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."