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改进 ICANN 的多利益相关方模型


评议开放日期: 2019 年 4 月 25 日 截止日期: 2019 年 6 月 13 日
发起组织: 多利益相关方战略和战略计划 (MSSI)
类别/标签: 战略

本轮公共评议期为《ICANN 2021-2025 财年战略规划》草案提供支持。《战略规划》草案囊括了五大战略目标。战略目标 #2 涉及 ICANN 治理事务,旨在改进 ICANN 多利益相关方模型的有效性。这些战略目标为确定"具体、可测量、可获得、以结论为导向和符合时间规定的智慧运营目标和规划"提供了指导,从而在战略规划执行的五年内实现愿景、履行使命。

在 ICANN64 届会议期间,为了制定一套计划来支持战略目标 #2,社群参与了一轮协调讨论会,探讨了如何改进 ICANN 多利益相关方治理模型的效率和效益。根据这次在 ICANN64 届会议上的讨论,本轮公共评议期将邀请社群进一步确定改善 ICANN 多利益相关方模型有效性时所面临的挑战。


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."