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参与机会:ICANN 审核工作


洛杉矶——2019 年 1 月 22 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 现提供以下多项机会,供社群积极参与并建言献策。

特定审核是由一批社群志愿者组成团队而进行的审核,旨在评估 ICANN 组织的绩效,并提出改进建议。

  • 针对《特定审核运营标准》最新版提出建议和意见。本《运营标准》旨在确保 ICANN 的特定审核的执行是透明、一致、高效和可测的,并支持社群的工作,从审核流程中获得预期的效益和价值。这份《运营标准》需要遵循《ICANN 章程》中管理特定审核的相关条款(请参见:第 IV 条第 4.6 节)。如需在截止日期 2019 年 2 月 11 日前提出您的看法,请点击此处

组织审核由独立审核人执行,旨在评估 ICANN 的支持组织 (Supporting Organizations, SO)、咨询委员会 (Advisory Committees, AC) 和提名委员会 (Nominating Committee, NomCom) 的履职进度和对其利益相关方的负责程度,且这些机构的架构或运营是否需要进行调整。

  • 请阅读旨在回应独立审核人出具的最终报告的提名委员会 [PDF, 515 KB]和根服务器咨询委员会 [PDF, 466 KB] 发布的《审核可行性评估与初步实施计划 (Review Feasibility Assessment and Initial Implementation Plans)》。董事会预计将在 2019 年 3 月对这类审核采取行动。
  • 安全与稳定咨询委员会第二轮审核 (SSAC2) 的最终报告现已发布。请点击此处阅读报告。



ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."