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第 5 工作轨道地理名称顶级域事务——新通用顶级域 (gTLD) 后续流程政策制定流程初步报告补充版

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评议开放日期: 2018 年 12 月 5 日 截止日期: 2019 年 1 月 22 日
发起组织: GNSO
类别/标签: 政策制定
简介: 本公共评议期旨在针对新通用顶级域 (gTLD) 后续流程政策制定流程工作组 (PDP WG) 发布的第 5 工作轨道《初步报告补充版》征询公众意见。本 PDP 的设立旨在针对现有新 gTLD 政策建议的调整或增补工作进行审视。第 5 工作轨道关注工作组章程中的一个具体问题,即地理名称顶级域事务。该工作组于 2018 年 7 月 3 日发布了首份《初始报告》,囊括了针对工作轨道 1-4 的主要事务所提出的初步建议和向社群征询反馈意见的各种问题。这份《初步报告补充版》则仅仅囊括了第 5 工作轨道的内容。该工作轨道的启动晚于其他 PDP 工作轨道的工作,因而其运营时间安排也不同于其他轨道。
链接: https://www.icann.org/public-comments/geo-names-wt5-initial-2018-12-05-en

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."