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ICANN 工作参与机会:审核

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洛杉矶——2018 年 12 月 4 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 现提供以下多项机会,供社群积极参与并建言献策。

特定审核是由一批社群志愿者组成团队而进行的审核,旨在评估 ICANN 组织的绩效,并提出改进建议。

  • 敬请参加在布鲁塞尔举办的注册目录服务审核小组 (RDS-WHOIS2) 见面会。注册目录服务审核小组 (RDS-WHOIS2) 将于 2018 年 12 月 10-12 日召开一次见面会。会议期间,审核小组将分析现已收到的公众意见,并讨论如何对建议草案定稿。如需获取详细信息,请点击此处
  • 敬请分享您对竞争、消费者信任和消费者选择审核小组 (CCT)《最终报告和建议》的看法(注:本轮公共评议期的截止时间现已延长)。竞争、消费者信任和消费者选择审核小组 (CCT) 现诚邀社群针对该小组编写的最终报告[PDF, 4.9 MB]和建议提出反馈意见。请在 2018 年 12 月 11 日前发表公众意见

组织审核由独立审核人执行,旨在评估 ICANN 的支持组织 (Supporting Organizations, SO)、咨询委员会 (Advisory Committees, AC) 和提名委员会 (NomCom) 的履职进度,且这些机构的架构或运营是否需要进行调整。

  • 敬请参与 ccNSO 审核调查。这份调查旨在搜集曾与 ccNSO 有过交流的人员或曾经提出改进意见的人员的看法。这份调查是根据 Meridian Institute 机构的研究和迄今为止进行的面谈所获的信息编制而成的。请点击此处参与调查。

请访问审核状态最新动态表,了解所有现行组织审核和特定审核的最新动态和其他重要资源。

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."