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ICANN 工作参与机会:战略规划、运营标准和特定审核

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洛杉矶——2018 年 9 月 28 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 现提供多项参与机会,供社群积极加入并建言献策。

敬请参加战略规划网络研讨会,了解最新动态和后续工作。ICANN 组织及其董事会将于世界协调时 (UTC) 2018 年 10 月 9 日 14:00 时[本地时间]召开一轮网络研讨会,概述运营规划的流程,介绍 ICANN 及其董事会从战略前景趋势中得出的结论和后续影响分析。本研讨会旨在为社群提供有关这一主题的背景信息和最新情况,便于他们积极有效地参与 ICANN63 届会议期间召开的战略规划主题会议。若有意参会,请发送电子邮件至:mssi-secretariat@icann.org,以收取参会详情。

敬请参加特定审核运营标准网络研讨会。

ICANN 将分别于世界协调时 (UTC) 2018 年 10 月 4 日 16:00 时[本地时间] 和 2018 年 10 月 5 日 00:00 时 [本地时间] 召开两场网络研讨会,介绍有关这一主题的拟定调整,为社群答疑解惑,并解释后续工作。《章程》中规定的运营标准目标(请参见第 4.6 章)旨在记录规则和流程,从而保证审核流程的透明和统一。请点击此处获取参会详情。

敬请分享您对特定审核的看法——请参见下方:

特定审核是由一批社群志愿者组成团队而进行的审核,旨在评估 ICANN 组织的绩效,并提出改进建议。ICANN 目前提供两轮公共评议机会:

  • 敬请分享您对《RDS-WHOIS2 报告和建议草案》的看法。注册目录服务审核 (RDS-WHOIS2) 小组现诚邀社群针对该小组编写的报告草案和 23 条建议草案提出反馈意见。请在 2018 年 11 月 4 日前发表公众意见
  • 敬请针对审核后续工作发表看法。针对审核时间表调整的短期方案长期方案的公共评议期现已开放,旨在应对现有审核日程安排对社群工作量和 ICANN 资源所带来的影响。考虑到所收到的意见数量有限,这轮公共评议期旨在为社群提供更多协商机会,以确定如何与社群一起开展后续工作。请在 2018 年 10 月 5 日前发表公众意见。

请访问审核状态最新动态表,了解所有现行组织审核和特定审核的最新动态和其他重要资源。

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."