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洛杉矶——2018 年 9 月 16 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 现诚邀社群在两场网络研讨会中任选一场参会。这轮网络研讨会旨在重点介绍在多个关键领域中的运营标准草案的一些拟定调整方案。两场研讨会的内容相同,时长均为 1 小时,具体时间如下:


  • 总览运营标准拟定调整方案
  • 社群问答环节
  • 运营标准发布的后续步骤




《ICANN 章程》呼吁编制一套运营标准,指导各个审核小组高效执行特定审核。

ICANN 组织则正在依据 2017 年 10 月发布的草案和"特定审核时间调整长期方案"一题所搜集到的公众意见,修订运营标准草案。按照新《章程》1 启动和/或执行的特定审核的最佳实践和流程改进也被纳入到了这次调整草案之中。


ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。

1 竞争;竞争、消费者信任和消费者选择审核 (CCT);安全、稳定与弹性第 2 轮审核 (SSR2);注册目录服务 WHOIS 第 2 轮审核 (RDS-WHOIS2)。

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."