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诚邀支持组织/咨询委员会为新设 ICANN 英才计划遴选委员会提名人选和为外展目标提供指导

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洛杉矶——2018 年 8 月 13 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 在新英才计划方案 (New Fellowship Program Approach) 的公共评议期结束后,现已宣布对该方案的最新调整。ICANN 的支持组织 (Supporting Organizations, SO) 和咨询委员会 (Advisory Committees, AC) 现已受邀就以下事务提出看法:

  1. 确定两年期外展和推广目标

    在修订后的英才计划中,ICANN 将执行具有针对性的外展和推广计划。SO 和 AC 则受邀对现有计划的多样化目标提供指导。这些内容包括但不仅限于:技能和经验、所属利益相关方团体、宗教、性别和语言。ICANN 将采用这套目标清单引导本项目的外展和推广策略。我们诚邀大家踊跃提出建议,针对任何具体的本地、地区或全球活动提出看法,推广英才计划,帮助寻找合适的候选人。SO 和 AC 则将每两年对这些目标进行一轮修订。

  2. 提名任期为两年的 ICANN 英才计划遴选委员会成员

    从 2018 年 10 月 26 日起,拟定计划将全新组建一个 ICANN 英才计划遴选委员会。遴选委员会将由分别来自各个 SO/AC 的七名成员构成。现鼓励 SO 和 AC 访问本链接,了解这一职务的责任和期望。各 SO 和 AC 可从各自组织中选出一名愿意参与且已预备达成目标的代表作为其提名人加入该遴选委员会。

SO 和 AC 必须填写这份表格 [DOCX, 80 Kb],列示其目标和被提名人,并将该信息在 2018 年 9 月 10 日前发送至:fellowshipconsultation@icann.org

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."