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ICANN 董事会针对美国国家电信和信息管理局 (NTIA) 发布的《国际互联网政策优先事务调查通知》提交评论意见

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ICANN BoD Submits Comments Regarding NTIA's Notice of Inquiry on International Internet Policy Priorities

洛杉矶——2018 年 7 月 13 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 董事会已于今天提交了一份评论意见 [PDF, 320 KB],回应美国商务部 (the United States Department of Commerce) 下属国家电信和信息管理局 (National Telecommunications and Information Administration, NTIA) 发布的《国际互联网政策优先事务调查通知 (Notice of Inquiry, NOI)》

ICANN 董事会在评论意见中强调了多利益相关方模型所取得的成就,以及本组织在 IANA 管理权移交期间对问责机制进行的改进。本评论意见还指出互联网号码分配机构 (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, IANA) 的职能运营商公共技术标识符 (Public Technical Identifiers, PTI) 所提供的服务获得了高度的客户满意度

如需了解更多有关 NTIA 的《调查通知 (NOI)》的信息,请访问:https://www.ntia.doc.gov/federal-register-notice/2018/notice-inquiry-international-internet-policy-priorities

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."