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ccNSO 组织审核提案征询

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洛杉矶——2018 年 4 月 26——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 正征召一名提供商对国家和地区名称支持组织 (Country Code Names Supporting Organization, ccNSO) 展开独立审核。

本轮提案征询 (RFP) 旨在确定一名独立审核人,对 ccNSO 进行全面评估。审核内容包括但不限于:

  • 评估 ccNSO 是否在 ICANN 架构中有继续存续的必要;
  • ccNSO 履行职责的效率如何;其架构或运营是否需要得到调整,来改善 ccNSO 的效率;和
  • ccNSO 作为一个整体对其下属组织、委员会、选区和利益相关方团体的负责情况如何。

这轮审核预计从 2018 年 8 月至 2019 年 7 月进行。如需查看 RFP 的完整概览和时间表,请参见此处[PDF, 107 KB]。

请将意向书通过电子邮件的形式发送至:ccNSOReview-RFP@icann.org。所有提案应当在世界协调时 2018 年 5 月 24 日 23:59 时前通过 ICANN 采购工具以电子形式发送。如需访问这一采购工具,请向上述电子邮箱发送请求。

背景

根据《ICANN 章程》,ccNSO 负责:

  • 为董事会制定和建议与国家/地区代码顶级域名相关的全球政策;
  • 促进在 ccNSO 社群(包括与名称相关的 ccTLD 活动)中达成共识;
  • 与其他 ICANN 支持组织、委员会和 ICANN 下属的选区组织协调合作;
  • 向董事会第 11 号和 12 号席位提名人员;和
  • 《章程》中设定的其他 ccNSO 的责任。

如需了解更多有关 ccNSO 的信息,请访问其网站

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."