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ICANN 宣布发动社群积极参与 ICANN 审核

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洛杉矶——2018 年 4 月 10 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 现已多次邀请社群积极参与以下的 ICANN 审核工作。审核工作是一项重要的问责机制,需要广大社群建言献策,帮助 ICANN 兑现其承诺。

组织审核由独立审核人执行,旨在评估 ICANN 的支持组织 (Supporting Organizations, SO) 和咨询委员会 (Advisory Committees, AC) 的履职进度,且这些机构的架构或运营是否需要进行调整。

  • 如需针对 NomCom2 审核最终报告草案发表意见,请点击此处分享您的看法,了解审核当前状态和后续步骤。请在世界协调时 2018 年 5 月 7 日 23:59 时前发表您的反馈意见 [时区转换链接]
  • 请访问审核状态最新动态表,了解所有现行组织审核的最新动态和背景信息链接。

特定审核是由一批社群志愿者组成团队而进行的审核,旨在评估 ICANN 组织的绩效,并提出改进建议。

  • 敬请参加将于世界协调时 4 月 16 日、17 日、18 日 7:00 - 15:30 时召开的注册目录服务审核小组第二次见面会 (RDS-WHOIS2),观察 RDS-WHOIS2 审核小组如何讨论次级小组的工作结论和拟定建议。请点击此处获取更多信息。
  • 请访问审核状态最新动态表,了解所有特定审核的最新动态和背景信息链接。

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."