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提案征询 (RFP):ICANN 开放数据平台

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洛杉矶——2018 年 3 月 12 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 现征召一名提供商通过软件即服务 (Software as a Service, SaaS) 的形式设计一套开放数据平台。ICANN 将使用这套开放数据平台尽可能多地发布持有开放许可认证和开放 API 访问资格的数据。

本项目旨在通过可靠和机读方式提供各类主题的开放数据,供用户下载和处理。ICANN 组织和社群的成员如需使用数据说明问题、或提供针对数据的看法和分析,均可使用这套开放数据平台查找资料。但开放数据平台自身并不能够完成这些工作。

ICANN 正在尝试征召一名提供商,根据 ICANN 的需求设计并维护这套系统,并且开发其他功能。

如需查看本 RFP 的完整信息,包括时间表,请点击此处 [PDF, 320 KB]。

请将提案通过电子邮件的形式发送至:OpenDataPlatform-RFP@icann.org。所有提案应当在世界协调时 2018 年 4 月 18 日 23:59 时前通过 ICANN 采购工具以电子形式发送。如需访问 ICANN 采购工具,请向上述电子邮箱发送请求。

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."