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ICANN 举办首次针对政府咨询委员会 (GAC) 亚洲地区成员的能力建设工作坊

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新加坡——2018 年 2 月 15 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 现与 ICANN 政府咨询委员会 (Governmental Advisory Committee, GAC) 欠服务地区工作组 (Underserved Regions Working Group) 展开合作,于今天宣布首届亚洲 GAC 成员能力建设工作坊将于 2018 年 2 月 24 日至 25 日在尼泊尔信息科技部的支持下,在尼泊尔加德满都 (Kathmandu, Nepal) 召开。

尼泊尔科学技术部部长桑杰·沙玛 (Sanjay Sharma) 将发表开幕致辞。来自亚洲 11 个经济体的近 20 名政府代表将参加本次工作坊。

亚洲发展迅猛,预计接下来 10 亿互联网用户将来自这一地区。但该地区仍旧在确保充足可靠的互联网接入一题上面临着巨大挑战。参与 ICANN 工作的障碍包括:缺乏人力资源,对域名系统 (Domain Name System, DNS) 不甚了解。

这轮工作坊旨在应对这些挑战,将重点探讨 ICANN 的主要政策主题,以及相关的 GAC 和跨社群工作组。讨论主题包括:

  • 了解 ICANN 的生态系统
  • 了解互联网:域名、号码、协议参数
  • 互联网唯一标识符的安全、稳定和弹性 (SSR)
  • ICANN 政策制定流程

来自地区互联网组织的演讲人则将介绍他们目前在互联网生态系统中,在亚太地区所做的工作。工作坊参会人还将讨论如何通过有效地方式参与 ICANN 讨论并做出贡献。此外,这轮工作坊还将从亚洲 GAC 代表处搜集反馈意见,了解如何在当地和在 ICANN 内支持他们的工作,提高他们的参与率。

如需查看完整的工作坊议程,请点击此处 [PDF, 415 KB]。

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."