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“.WED”现已置入域名注册管理后端应急运行机构 (EBERO) 项目

洛杉矶——2017 年 12 月 8 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 于今日宣布为通用顶级域 (gTLD)".WED"指定了一名临时应急注册管理运行机构。

一旦一名顶级域名注册管理运行机构有可能无法继续执行下述五项关键注册管理机构的职能之一时,域名注册管理后端应急运行机构 (Emergency Back-End Registry Operator, EBERO) 将被临时激活。这些功能包括:注册域名的域名系统 (domain name system, DNS) 解析;共享注册系统的运营;注册数据目录服务(即:WHOIS)的运营;按照域名系统安全扩展 (DNSSEC) 的要求对已正式签名的根区进行注册数据托管储存和维护。

目前负责通用顶级域".WED"运营的注册管理运行机构 Atgron, Inc. 公司当前出现了注册数据目录服务故障,因而 ICANN 现指定 EBERO 提供商 Nominet 公司作为临时应急注册管理运行机构。Nominet 现已介入,并正在恢复该顶级域的服务。

在一名注册管理运行机构需要援助以维持一段时间内关键注册管理职能的运营时,EBERO 项目即可被激活。EBERO 项目的主要目的在于保护注册人,确保五项关键注册管理机构的职能正常可用。ICANN 将致力于尽快解决这一紧急事件。

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."