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ICANN61 英才计划入选学员名单公布

洛杉矶——2017 年 12 月 1 日——ICANN 于今日宣布来自 49 个国家的 60 名个人现已入选参加 ICANN61 届会议的英才计划 (Fellowship)。该会议将于 2018 年 3 月 10 至 15 日在波多黎各圣胡安市 (San Juan, Puerto Rico) 召开。

成功入选的学员代表着社会各界,包括:民间组织、政府部门、国家和地区顶级域 (ccTLD) 运营商、学术界、商业各界,以及技术、安全和终端用户群体。

英才计划旨在构建一个覆盖面更广、更具多样性的明智选民基础,优先考虑居住在全球欠服务地区和代表不足地区中的社群候选人。他们代表着性别、行业、地区、经验和专有技能的多样性,以及/或确定需要财务援助。一个独立遴选委员会负责对本次会议收到的 488 份英才计划申请书进行评估。



ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."