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ICANN 宣布启动全球土著大使项目

洛杉矶——2017 年 6 月 14 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 于今日宣布设立“全球土著大使项目 (Global Indigenous Ambassador Program)。”本项目将选出两名来自未被充分代表的土著社群的大使。通过增强博学选民基础的广泛性和多样性,ICANN 将能够更好地为下一代全球互联网社群提供支持。“这是一次绝佳的机会,两名土著大使将有机会了解 ICANN 和一般会员社群,代表互联网终端用户的最佳利益,”土著公共传媒 (Native Public Media) 公司总裁兼首席执行官 (CEO) 罗伊斯·泰勒 (Loris Taylor) 表示。

ICANN 现开始接受“全球土著大使”的申请书。申请人必须是无服务或欠服务的部落或土著社群的成员,并能满足 ICANN 英才计划申请标准。入选参与人可获得差旅、酒店和每日津贴补助,参加将于 2017 年 10 月 28 日至 11 月 3 日在阿拉伯联合酋长国 (United Arab Emirates) 阿布扎比市 (Abu Dhabi) 召开的 ICANN60 公共会议。

申请提交截止日期为 2017 年 7 月 6 日。

ICANN 希望参会人能够在 ICANN60 会议上尽可能地学到更多知识。作为本项目的一部分,土著大使将:

  • 在会议期间与一名土著民族导师一起共事。
  • 参加 ICANN 在周日举行的新成员会议。届时一名公共责任支持团队的代表将协调会议,并确保会议的包容性。
  • 参加周一至周四每天早上召开的“英才计划会议”,了解和感受 ICANN 及其多利益相关方社群。
  • 会后 30 天内,提交一份详细报告——描述大使所参加的活动,并评估大使参会的体验。这些报告将帮助 ICANN 评估未来“英才计划”的工作。

ICANN 鼓励所有合格人员申请获得这一特殊机会!


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."