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《ICANN 处理 WHOIS 与隐私法之间冲突的修订流程:评估工作和后续步骤》现已发布征询公众意见

洛杉矶——2017 年 5 月 3 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 于今日发布文件《ICANN 处理 WHOIS 与隐私法之间冲突的修订流程:评估工作和后续步骤》,以征询公众意见。

ICANN 处理 WHOIS 与隐私法之间冲突的修订流程:评估工作和后续步骤 [PDF, 159 KB]。

本文件将在 2017 年 6 月 12 日前征询公众意见。反馈意见将被纳入公共评议期报告,并提交给通用名称支持组织 (Generic Names Supporting Organization, GNSO) 理事会供其审核并考量。

发表评论:《ICANN 处理 WHOIS 与隐私法之间冲突的修订流程:提案制定流程和后续步骤》

根据《ICANN 处理 WHOIS 与隐私法之间冲突的流程》(又称:WHOIS 流程)的要求,本文件再次启动审核流程,请求公众对修订后的"WHOIS 流程"的有效性提出意见。该流程已于 2017 年 4 月 18 日正式生效。此外,根据 GNSO 理事会的请求,ICANN 发布这份文件旨在针对诱发因素的实用性和可行性进行分析,并搜集社群意见,从而获取意见推进审核工作。本次评估和评议流程的结果将被用于针对本流程的下一轮审核。

"WHOIS 流程"近期已经得到修订,尽管截至目前并没有 ICANN 认证注册服务机构或注册管理运行机构表明正式援引这一流程。鉴于此,本次分析主要依赖社群的讨论和在上一轮审核 [PDF, 155 Kb]中收到的意见,即针对援引这套流程时的一个诱发因素进行评估。本流程还借鉴了 ICANN 管理其他流程的经验,例如:当一名签约方在提供新服务、或申请放弃执行某种合同要求时,请求 ICANN 批准的流程。本流程在执行过程中借鉴并比较了上述做法。

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。ICANN 及其社群致力于确保互联网的安全性、稳定性和互用性。该组织还负责制定互联网顶级域系统的政策,提高该系统的竞争水平,并促进其他互联网唯一标识符的使用。如需了解更多信息,请参见:www.icann.org


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."