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第二轮域名系统安全、稳定和弹性 (SSR2) 审核小组宣布领导层人选

SSR2 ICANN58

SSR2 审核小组成员参加 ICANN58 会议(从左至右):詹姆斯·甘农 (James Gannon)、拉姆柯时纳·帕利亚 (Ramkrishna Pariyar)、扎克·可立克 (Žarko Kecić)、丹尼斯·米歇尔 (Denise Michel)、贾布赫拉·玛拖葛若 (Jabhera Matogoro)、杰夫·休斯顿 (Geoff Huston)、克里-安·巴瑞特 (Kerry-Ann Barrett)、卡维克·兰吉巴 (Kaveh Ranjbar)、艾米莉·泰勒 (Emily Taylor)、阿兰·艾伊纳 (Alain Aina)、博班·克里西科 (Boban Krsic)、凯西·汉德利 (Cathy Handley)、埃里克·奥斯特维 (Eric Osterweil)、默罕默德·阿敏·哈斯比尼 (Mohamad Amin Hasbini)。本照片未列入人员:努瑞尔·阿敏 (Noorul Ameen)、唐 M. 布卢门撒尔 (Don M. Blumenthal)。


2017 年 3 月 30 日——第二轮域名系统安全、稳定和弹性 (Second Security, Stability and Resiliency of the DNS, SSR2) 审核小组隆重宣布其领导层人选。

三名被提名人自愿担任一份领导职务。审核小组一致通过以下三名联合主席的人选:

  • 丹尼斯·米歇尔 (Denise Michel):脸书公司 (Facebook, Inc.) 域名系统战略和管理部门 (GNSO 提名人选;北美区)
  • 埃里克·奥斯特维 (Eric Osterweil):威瑞信公司 (Verisign) 首席科学家(RSSAC 提名人选;北美区)
  • 艾米莉·泰勒 (Emily Taylor):牛津信息实验室有限公司 (Oxford Information Labs Ltd) 首席执行官 (CEO)、 查塔姆社副研究员 (Associate Fellow Chatham House)(GNSO 提名人选;欧洲区)

ICANN 于 2017 年 2 月宣布选取 16 名成员参加 SSR2 审核工作。SSR 审核此前为《义务确认书 (Affirmation of Commitments, AoC)》的一项要求,现列入《ICANN 章程》作为特别审核之一。本次审核将审视 ICANN 兑现承诺的情况,即:对 ICANN 协调的互联网唯一标识符系统有直接影响或受其影响的内部和外部系统和流程加强运营稳定性、可靠性、弹性、安全性和全球互用性。

敬请访问 SSR2 审核小组维基页面,了解并关注该小组的工作。

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。ICANN 及其社群致力于确保互联网的安全性、稳定性和互用性。该组织还负责制定互联网顶级域系统的政策,提高该系统的竞争水平,并促进其他互联网唯一标识符的使用。如需了解更多信息,请参见:www.icann.org


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."