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2016 年 7 月 25 日——ICANN 于今日发布了《商标信息交换中心独立审核报告草案》。由 Analysis Group 公司启动的本轮审核考察了有关匹配标准、商标索赔服务和日升期等具体问题。

执行摘要 [PDF, 120 KB]。

请阅读本报告 [PDF, 1.15 MB]。

本报告将在 2016 年 9 月 3 日前征询公众意见。反馈意见将被纳入报告修订版。




扩大商标通知服务范围可能效果不大:域名注册和商标之间的匹配率在经历了 90 天强制通知服务期后会降低。

很少有商标持有人使用日升期:大部分商标信息交换中心的用户均需提交使用证明,才可进入日升期。然而截至目前,在所有合格的商标持有人中只有不到 20% 使用过日升期。


2011 年 5 月 GAC 建议 [PDF, 110 KB] 对商标信息交换中心展开独立审核,并要求该审核工作应在新 gTLD 项目启动之后完成。本轮审核的背景材料包括:对商标信息交换中心和第三方数据来源的分析文件,包括对利益相关方进行访谈和展开调查问卷而搜集上来的数据。


ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 是成立于 1998 年的一家非营利性公益型企业,其社群中的参与人遍布世界各地。ICANN 及其社群帮助维持互联网的安全、稳定和互用性。该组织还负责制定互联网顶级域系统的政策,提高该系统的竞争水平,并促进其他互联网唯一标识符的使用。如需了解更多信息,请参见

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."