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ICANN 于今日宣布发布《项目实施审核》报告修订版。此文为针对新通用顶级域项目流程的自行评估。公共评议报告 [PDF, 788 KB], 也同时发布,并囊括了针对上述报告草案而获得的公共评论摘要和分析。

阅读《项目实施审核》报告修订版 [PDF, 28.2 MB]。

《项目实施审核》报告是由 ICANN 执行新通用顶级域项目的工作人员进行的一项评估,旨在审核项目流程实施的效益和效率。本报告旨在为"竞争、消费者信任和消费者选择 (CCT) 审核小组"提供参考,帮助其衡量申请和评估流程的有效性。报告中,ICANN 已经确认了通过后续工作和讨论能够获益的几个方面。

《项目实施审核》报告初稿于 2015 年 9 月 23 日发布以征询公众意见。报告修订版于今日发布,其中囊括了针对公共评议的澄清信息。

所获得的公共评议重点涉及了社群成员指出的几大领域。社群成员建议,对这几个领域制定政策或实施规划会对后续轮次的展开带来好处。关注最多的主题包括:针对注册管理机构服务提供商启动认证程序和针对不同类型的申请人设定不同的申请通道(例如".BRAND"通道)等等想法。《公共评议报告》和《项目实施审核》报告修订版均已提交给 CCT 审核团队供其参考。


ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 是成立于 1998 年的一家非营利性公益型企业,其社群中的参与人遍布世界各地。ICANN 及其社群帮助维持互联网的安全、稳定和互用性。该组织还负责制定互联网顶级域系统的政策,提高该系统的竞争水平,并促进其他互联网唯一标识符的使用。如需了解更多信息,请参见:

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."