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英才计划——将全球的声音汇聚在 ICANN | ICANN55 马拉喀什会议学员名单公布

代表 35 个国家的 45 名学员入选参加将于 2016 年 3 月 5 日至 10 日召开的 ICANN 第 55 届马拉喀什公共会议的英才计划项目。在这 45 名学员中,其中 27 名为至少参加过一场会议并拥有各种经验的老学员,另有 7 名项目老学员将作为 22 名首次参会学员的指导老师。入选学员来自社会各界,包括:民间组织、政府部门、学术界、商业各界、技术群体、安保群体和终端用户群体。国家和地区名称支持组织也派出了代表。

一个独立遴选委员会对本次会议收到的 380 份英才项目申请材料进行了评估;其中 92 份材料满足了入选的最低要求。申请评估将优先考虑满足最低项目要求、现居在 ICANN 五大区内的发展中国家和欠发达国家、对参与 ICANN 及其支持组织、咨询委员会或利益相关方团体和选区团体感兴趣的申请人。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."