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意见征询:公共评议期:ICANN 中东计划——中东地区和周边国家域名系统调研

互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (ICANN) 现针对 2015 年 6 月授权启动的中东地区和周边国家域名系统 (DNS) 调研初稿 [PDF, 5.42 MB] 征询公众意见。本研究旨在分析中东地区和周边国家(包括:22 个阿拉伯国家、土耳其、伊朗、阿富汗和巴基斯坦)的域名行业生态系统进行分析,并制定如何推进行业发展、支持市场增长的相关建议。

由欧洲互联网域名注册管理机构 (EURid) 牵头,并联合艾米丽-泰勒互联网研究中心、阿布-格扎拉知识产权公司和牛津信息实验室共同组建的研究团队为 ICANN 展开了这项 DNS 调研。

本调研审慎考察了本地区的广义域名行业,包括:互联网发展、互联网使用模式和用户偏好,以及本地区的托管行业和当地语言内容的重要性。然后,将这些结论与在全球 ccTLD 环境下确定的相关基准和最佳实践进行比对,并提出能够促进全面提升的建议行动。

调研初稿中囊括了对本地区 ccTLD 注册管理机构进行的全面调查结果,并配有对注册管理机构和注册服务机构的采访内容。此外,报告还通过多种渠道对本地区的域名进行了衡量,包括:联系 ccTLD 经理,以及对开放 gTLD 域文件中的 1.5 亿域名进行自动化分析。

本计划是 ICANN 中东合作战略的直接产物。调研初稿现公开发布征询公众意见,截止时间为:2015 年 10 月 30 日。请将所有评论发送至:meswg@icann.org

本调研初稿还将在 ICANN54 都柏林会议期间召开的特别会议中进行讨论,时间为:世界协调时 10 月 20 日星期二 16:15 – 17:30,地点:Wicklow Hall 1 会议室。如需更多信息请点击此处


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."