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意见征询:非洲国际化域名 (IDN) 工作坊

互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (ICANN) 将在 AFRINIC 第 23 届会议举办前,于 2015 年 11 月 26 日至 27 日在刚果黑角市召开国际化域名 (IDN) 工作坊。在三年前制定的 ICANN 非洲战略的基础上,在 ICANN 国际化域名 (IDN) 项目的支持下,这一新设的工作坊将重点关注非洲语言和文字的 IDN 主题。工作坊将介绍 ICANN 的 IDN 项目,以及语言文字标签生成专家组现已完成的工作。

召开本工作坊旨在获取非洲社群的支持,并鼓励他们参加正在推进的必要的语言文字工作。通过持续努力,参会人将帮助推进非洲本土文字的 IDN 申请(例如:埃塞俄比亚语),以及使用拉丁文字来表示非洲语言。

在本次工作坊中,我们预计参会人将积极参与讨论,自愿参加可能组建的语言文字专家组——包括拉丁文字或其他文字——以支持非洲语言。现诚邀语言专家、ccTLD 经理、计算机专家和其他对 IDN 感兴趣的社群成员参加本轮工作坊会议。

有意参会和参与讨论的人员请于 2015 年 10 月 15 日前发送电子邮件至:yaovi.atohoun@icann.org(请同时抄送:pierre.dandjinou@icann.org)。

参会人还应标明是否有能力自费参会。ICANN 提供的后勤支持资金有限,提供支持将遵守以下标准:

  • 相关资历和经验;
  • 确认您将自愿参加一个文字专家组(请标明是否为拉丁文字或其他文字)。
  • 所需支持的程度(差旅或膳宿,或两者均需;仅需要部分支持的参会候选人将得到优先考虑)。

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."