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ICG 就重要互联网治理提案征询公众意见

将于 9 月 8 日前针对高关注提案征询公众反馈

IANA 管理权移交协调小组 (ICG) 今日针对美国商务部国家电信和信息管理局 (NTIA) 向全球多利益相关方社群移交互联网号码分配机构 (IANA) 职能管理权的移交提案 [IANA Stewardship Transition Proposal [PDF, 2.2 MB]] 启动公共评议期。社群可以充分利用这一重要机遇,整体审核这份提案,评估该提案是否符合 NTIA 提出的标准。ICG 鼓励公众审核这份提案,并在公共评议期间 提交看法和评论

在公共评议期启动的 40 天内,ICG 将举办两场网络研讨会,具体时间为:世界协调时 8 月 6 日星期四 19:00-20:30 时;世界协调时 8 月 7 日星期五 11:00-12:30 时。

IANA 管理权移交可谓是互联网治理进程中的一大重要里程碑。这一详尽介绍移交进程的提案是全球多利益相关方社群辛勤工作所获的成果。这些社群不仅包括与 IANA 职能的运营与服务具有直接联系的运营社群,还包括全球商界、公民社会、各国政府和互联网用户。NTIA 于 2014 年 3 月宣布有意移交其管理权1,不久后,来自全球各地的多样化社群便齐聚一堂,讨论如何推进移交进程。本提案是通过一套公开透明、面向所有感兴趣的利益相关方、以社群为主导的流程而编制完成的。

本提案的内容包含 IANA 职能的三大部分——域名、互联网号码资源和协议参数——每个部分均已独自充分征询了公众意见。

"互联网社群所做的卓越贡献展示了 IANA 管理权移交毫无疑问是一项非凡的成就,"ICG 主席兼互联网工程任务组 (IETF) 社群成员爱丽莎·库伯 (Alissa Cooper) 指出。"本轮公共评议期给予了公众一大契机,对这份移交提案进行整体评估,并帮助 ICG 搜集公众意见,审视该提案是否能够达到美国政府的期望。"

"制定一份能够满足 NTIA 所提标准的提案可谓是一项重大工程,"ICG 副主席兼安全与稳定咨询委员会 (SSAC) 主席帕特里克·弗斯特朗姆 (Patrik Fältström) 指出。"我相信,在搜集并分析了公众评论后,我们将充满自信地将提案呈交给美国政府供其审批。"

"ICG 期待着就这份提案的主要问题搜集广泛的公众意见,"ICG 副主席兼一般会员咨询委员会成员默罕默德·艾尔·巴什尔 (Mohamed El Bashir ( محمد البشير )) 指出,"公众意见毫无疑问是这项流程的关键。"

与 ICG 流程并行存在的是加强 ICANN 问责制跨社群工作组(CCWG——问责制)。该工作组的成立旨在应对美国政府移交管理权时,制定方案来加强 ICANN 的问责机制。目前,"CCWG——问责制"的提案也已启动公共评议期。公众可将有关加强 ICANN 问责制的评论提交给"CCWG——问责制"工作组;并将有关 IANA 管理权移交的评论提交给 ICG。

网络研讨会详情和参与方式

网络研讨会将使用 Adobe Connect 虚拟会议室,具体时间为:世界协调时 8 月 6 日星期四 19:00-20:30 时;世界协调时 8 月 7 日星期五 11:00-12:30 时。如果您有意参加本轮网络研讨会,并希望获取电话接入详情,请发送电子邮件至 ICG 秘书处:< admin@icgsec.asia > ,并指明您希望在哪个时间段参加网络研讨会。请注意:本轮研讨会将以英文进行,并同时提供五种联合国官方语言和葡萄牙语的同声传译服务。两节会议均将录音并提供文稿记录。会后,会议文稿记录将被译成另外五种联合国官方语言和葡萄牙语,并发布在 ICG 网站上。

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如需有关 ICG 和 IANA 管理权移交的其他信息,请参见:https://www.ianacg.org,或:https://www.icann.org/stewardship


1http://www.ntia.doc.gov/press-release/2014/ntia-announces-intent-transition-key-internet-domain-name-functions


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."