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ICANN 第 54 届会议英才计划申请现已开放


自 2007 年设立以来,英才计划项目已经组建了一个强大的团体,包含一批在互联网生态系统内,活跃在 ICANN 各大社群和各互联网治理实体机构内的参与人。他们的参与方式包括:撰写文章或博客、针对自下而上的政策制定流程提供在线评论或亲自发表评论、参与互联网大会和专家组讨论、在工作组中执笔撰文、为新成员提供指导、为地区领导人提供支持,或是自行成为地区领导人。

ICANN 英才计划项目旨在寻找来自发展中国家的参会人,有助于拓展明智选民的基础,使其能够参与到多利益相关方的流程中来,凭借其经验来表达其所在地区和其他地区的心声。

我们已于今日启动了最新一轮的英才计划申请轮次,欢迎大家参加将于今年 10 月召开的 ICANN 第 54 届爱尔兰都柏林会议。本轮申请将于 2015 年 5 月 15 日截止,入选名单将于 2015 年 7 月 10 日在 ICANN 的网站上公开发布。

请点击此处了解更多申请信息 »

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."