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Revisión Anual del Proceso de Avance Acelerado de los IDN ‭ccTLD

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Anuncio del foro: El período de comentarios abre el Fecha: 15 de enero de 2015
Categorías/ etiquetas: Dominios de Alto Nivel
Propósito (breve): La ICANN abre un foro de comentario público sobre la revisión anual del Proceso de Avance Acelerado de los IDN ccTLD. Los aportes recibidos serán destinados a determinar las actualizaciones apropiadas para la versión vigente del Plan de Implementación Final del Proceso de Avance Acelerado de los IDN ccTLD [PDF, 851 KB] (FIP) y para la política propuesta en materia de IDN ccTLD [PDF, 376 KB] que se encuentra en proceso de consideración. Los miembros de la comunidad, la comunidad técnica y, sobre todo, quienes tengan una relación directa con el Proceso de Avance Acelerado de los IDN ccTLD - entre quienes se incluye a los solicitantes, a las autoridades públicas y a los usuarios finales de los IDN ccTLD delegados-están cordialmente invitados a presentar sus comentarios sobre las base de su experiencia en este proceso.
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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."