Skip to main content

顶级域名“.BMW”和“.MINI”释放国家和地区域名

论坛公告: 评议期开放日: 日期: 2014年12月11日
类别/标签:
  • 顶级域名
  • 二级域名
  • 签约方协议
  • 安全性/稳定性
目的(概要):

Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft公司提交了一份《注册局服务评估政策(RSEP)》申请,请求释放顶级域名".BMW"和".MINI"下的国家和地区域名。本RSEP提案已经在RSEP网页上公示,并可通过以下链接查看:https://www.icann.org/en/system/files/files/request-2014061-multiple-13nov14-en.pdf [PDF, 17 KB]。目前,".BMW"和".MINI"的《注册局协议》中要求不得在任何层级中注册和分配具体国际认可清单中的国家和地区域名。

根据RSEP的要求,ICANN将对RSEP提案进行初步审核,确定该提案是否可能会导致重大竞争性、安全性或稳定性问题。ICANN的初步审核(基于现已提供的信息)中并未发现这类问题。

鉴于ICANN的初步审核决定中确定本提案并不会导致重大竞争性、安全性或稳定性问题,并决定提案中的调整项将需要对该注册局运营商持有的《注册局协议》进行实质性修改,因而需要制定一套协议修订案以确保本调整项得以生效。

已通过公共评议期的拟定修订案将使得顶级域名".BMW"和".MINI"能够在所有层级中实现国家和地区域名的注册。现确定,自2014年10月2日起,顶级域名".BMW"和".MINI"均已获得"规格13"的条款,即获得".BRAND"顶级域名的协议条款。

公众意见专区链接: http://www.icann.org/public-comments/jobs-renewal-2014-12-09-en

More Announcements
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."